Digital Assets

We work with regulators around the world to ensure that Digital Assets are safely and responsibly developed and regulated.

banking system environment

Digital Assets

Money is only the beginning.

Soon tangible and intangible assets will be tokenised. Most of the work we have been doing with regulators is with this in mind. Banks are in a unique position to act as custodians for these tokenised assets - these digital representations of value - and we aim to provide them with the infrastructure to do so.

We have put together a living collection of regulatory resources on digital assets and cryptocurrencies from various territories.

Regulatory Resources

Below are a collection of documents dealing with digital assets and cryptocurrencies released by various countries. These include consultation papers, bills, drafts and acts.


Estonian Financial Supervision Authority

  • Bill: Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Prevention Act (October 2017)

  • Italy

    The Italian Ministry of Economy and Finance

  • Decree (Italian Only): Virutal Currencies (May 2017)

  • Ireland

    Department of Finance
    Shareholder & Financial Advisory

  • Discussion Paper: Virutal Currencies and Blockchain Technology (March 2018)

  • Luxembourg

    Chamber of Deputies of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

  • Bill (French): Circulation of Titles via the Blockchain (February 2019)

  • Malaysia

    Financial Intelligence and Enforcement Department
    Central Bank of Malaysia

  • Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) – Digital Currencies (February 2018)

  • Malta

    Malta Financial Services Authority (MFSA)
    Malta Digital Innovation Authority

  • Bill: Virtual Financial Assets Act (Novmember 2018)

  • Bill: nnovativeTechnology Arrangements and Services Act (November 2018)

  • Philippines

    Securities and Exchange Commission

  • Draft Memorandum: Rules on Initial Coin Offerings (ICO) (August 2018)

  • Russian Federation

    Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation
    An English summary of draft laws by EY.

  • EY Publication: Draft Laws on the Digital Economy (March 2018)

  • Switzerland

    Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA)

  • Guidelines: Initial Coin Offerings (February 2018)

  • United States of America

    U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

  • Public Statement: Digital Asset Securities Issuance and Trading (November 2018)

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